Table 1 Three C. albicans isolates from English and sessile oaks in the new forest in the United Kingdom
StrainaAlternate nameLatitude and longitudeTrunk girth (m)bOther yeast species from the same tree
NCYC 4144FRI10b.150.92785 −1.6570834.12Lachancea thermotolerans
NCYC 4145FR11a.150.928483 −1.6551833.88Saccharomyces paradoxus and Kazachstania servazzii
NCYC 4146FRI5d.SM.150.928067 −1.6562.83None
FRI and OCK sites27 oaks, New Foresta0.65–3.79cSaccharomyces paradoxus (11 isolates), Lachancea thermotolerans (4 isolates), Wickerhamomyces anomalus (2 isolates), Saccharomycodes ludwigii (2 isolates), Debaryomyces hansenii, Hyphopichia burtonii, Kazachstania servazzii, Hanseniaspora osmophila
  • a Information from Robinson et al. (2016). NCYC 4144 and NCYC 4145 were isolated from sessile oaks (Quercus petraea) and NCYC 4146 was isolated from English oak (Quercus robur).

  • b Assuming average United Kingdom woodland boundary conditions for sessile and English oaks, these trunk girths suggest tree ages of ∼220 years old (FRI10), 200 years old (FRI11), and 130 years old (FRI5) according to the guidelines at

  • c Twenty-five trees had uncoppiced trunk girth estimates. These were mostly smaller than those with C. albicans (Wilcoxon test, Embedded Image).