Table 4  Three-population test results showing northern European gene flow into Spain
X (data set)Sample sizef3(Sardinian, X; Spain)Z-score
Russian (H)25−0.0025−22.90
Norway3−0.0021−9.49
Ireland62−0.0020−24.31
Poland22−0.0019−18.88
Sweden11−0.0018−13.21
Orcadian (H)15−0.0018−14.59
Scotland5−0.0017−10.01
Russia6−0.0016−9.82
UK388−0.0015−28.21
CEU (HapMap)113−0.0015−21.79
Netherlands17−0.0014−12.45
Germany75−0.0013−19.36
Czech11−0.0012−9.33
Hungary19−0.0012−11.98
Belgium43−0.0010−13.76
Adygei (H)17−0.0010−7.44
Austria14−0.0009−7.89
Bosnia9−0.0008−5.68
Croatia8−0.0007−5.33
Swiss-German84−0.0007−11.67
French (H)28−0.0005−6.33
Swiss-French760−0.0005−11.77
Switzerland168−0.0005−9.60
France92−0.0004−8.07
Romania14−0.0004−3.62
Serbia3−0.0004−1.75
Basque (H)24−0.0001−1.08
Portugal1340.00012.15
Macedonia40.00031.60
Swiss-Italian130.00043.11
Albania30.00041.75
Greece70.00064.27
Tuscan (H)80.00095.88
Italian (H)120.00097.86
Italy2250.000916.58
Cyprus40.00146.56
  • Here the CEU are from HapMap3, and the HGDP populations are indicated by (H) in parentheses.