Table 1  Populations used in this study
GroupPopulation codePopulation nameCountryNo. individualsLatitude (°N)Longitude (°E)Altitude (m)
Alpine domainGE-47.0RuhpoldingGermany3047.0012.231492
SE-58.3SalebySweden1558.3713.1570
Baltic–Nordic domain
 RussiaRU-53.3BryanskRussia1553.3034.30179
 Central FennoscandiaFI-61.5StKu19Finland1961.5729.22105
SE-61.6IstevallenSweden1361.6216.48350
SE-61.8TjarnelundSweden1661.8316.28285
FI-62.0StKu7Finland1662.0724.48105
SE-62.6StrangsundSweden2162.6315.05415
SE-62.7HogmansbodSweden1562.7815.23350
FI-63.0StKu5Finland1563.0730.28170
SE-63.4MittbergetSweden1463.4817.67300
SE-63.7HallenSweden1363.7415.50375
SE-64.1JämtlandSweden1764.1719.36355
SE-65.3LillpiteSweden1865.3118.70242
SE-66.4aJockSweden4866.4122.44145
 Northern FinlandFI-66.4StKu2Finland1266.4026.88175
FI-67.0KolariFinland2767.0426.36264
FI-67.7StKu19Finland1767.7226.05280
FI-68.0MuonioFinland1068.0024.15342
  • a SE-66.4 was used only in the expression study.