Table 1  Notation
ParameterDescription
xEffect size of a mutation or substitution
µMean effect size of spontaneous mutations
σStandard deviation of the effect size of spontaneous mutations
kNumber of mutations occurring between MA measurements
uPer-generation mutation rate affecting the trait
gNumber of generations between MA measurements
sSelection coefficient
NEffective population size
cStrength of selection: slope of the relationship between s and x
CNormalizing constant to make Equation 8 a probability density function
nThe number of loci detected
H = (H1, H2,…, Hn)Vector of the number of substitutions responsible for the QTL, where hi is the number of substitutions responsible for QTL i
q = (q1, q2,…, qn)Estimated effect sizes of the QTL
e = (e1, e2,…, en)Standard errors of the effect sizes of the QTL