TABLE 3

Power to detect QTL (α* = 0.01) and the corresponding standard error for different numbers N of Arabidopsis thaliana recombinant inbred lines derived from different mating designs: reference (REF), diallel (DIA), factorial (FCT), single round-robin (SRR), double round-robin (DRR), reduced round-robin (RRR), independent round-robin (IRR), and distance-based (DB) designs

Mating design25 QTL50 QTL100 QTL
h2 = 0.5h2 = 0.8h2 = 0.5h2 = 0.8h2 = 0.5h2 = 0.8
N = 1250
REF0.514 (0.0108)0.905 (0.0067)0.337 (0.0074)0.854 (0.0065)0.137 (0.0044)0.626 (0.0088)
DIA0.615 (0.0095)0.966 (0.0039)0.492 (0.0072)0.958 (0.0034)0.264 (0.0063)0.941 (0.0040)
FCT0.643 (0.0103)0.969 (0.0038)0.488 (0.0078)0.954 (0.0035)0.250 (0.0057)0.938 (0.0036)
SRR0.609 (0.0095)0.966 (0.0036)0.460 (0.0075)0.956 (0.0030)0.231 (0.0054)0.929 (0.0039)
DRR0.624 (0.0082)0.968 (0.0039)0.467 (0.0081)0.955 (0.0031)0.241 (0.0063)0.940 (0.0038)
RRR0.597 (0.0085)0.961 (0.0038)0.446 (0.0063)0.937 (0.0039)0.211 (0.0057)0.915 (0.0042)
IRR0.576 (0.0107)0.948 (0.0052)0.406 (0.0079)0.921 (0.0052)0.170 (0.0055)0.856 (0.0071)
DB150.576 (0.0101)0.930 (0.0053)0.421 (0.0067)0.911 (0.0041)0.201 (0.0062)0.891 (0.0042)
DB300.603 (0.0089)0.957 (0.0047)0.450 (0.0066)0.938 (0.0035)0.221 (0.0063)0.923 (0.0033)
DB600.627 (0.0083)0.972 (0.0033)0.481 (0.0077)0.953 (0.0033)0.257 (0.0066)0.948 (0.0030)
N = 2500
REF0.640 (0.0101)0.958 (0.0043)0.473 (0.0082)0.937 (0.0040)0.218 (0.0050)0.831 (0.0065)
DIA0.766 (0.0084)0.991 (0.0020)0.636 (0.0076)0.984 (0.0019)0.430 (0.0077)0.987 (0.0012)
FCT0.754 (0.0077)0.990 (0.0020)0.655 (0.0079)0.989 (0.0014)0.436 (0.0078)0.986 (0.0013)
SRR0.741 (0.0090)0.988 (0.0023)0.622 (0.0078)0.984 (0.0018)0.397 (0.0067)0.985 (0.0013)
DRR0.744 (0.0085)0.990 (0.0023)0.632 (0.0065)0.983 (0.0019)0.401 (0.0068)0.984 (0.0014)
RRR0.736 (0.0088)0.986 (0.0022)0.608 (0.0079)0.980 (0.0024)0.366 (0.0073)0.978 (0.0016)
IRR0.709 (0.0096)0.983 (0.0028)0.547 (0.0088)0.975 (0.0023)0.302 (0.0060)0.967 (0.0023)
DB150.692 (0.0091)0.958 (0.0039)0.571 (0.0074)0.949 (0.0032)0.358 (0.0088)0.948 (0.0023)
DB300.728 (0.0093)0.981 (0.0028)0.608 (0.0064)0.980 (0.0018)0.383 (0.0079)0.976 (0.0015)
DB600.750 (0.0081)0.991 (0.0020)0.650 (0.0071)0.987 (0.0016)0.414 (0.0083)0.987 (0.0012)
N = 5000
REF0.744 (0.0094)0.983 (0.0026)0.632 (0.0076)0.976 (0.0021)0.338 (0.0067)0.947 (0.0029)
DIA0.863 (0.0070)0.997 (0.0012)0.796 (0.0070)0.995 (0.0011)0.667 (0.0085)0.996 (0.0006)
FCT0.864 (0.0068)0.999 (0.0007)0.804 (0.0060)0.996 (0.0010)0.660 (0.0083)0.996 (0.0005)
SRR0.851 (0.0069)0.997 (0.0013)0.783 (0.0074)0.993 (0.0012)0.626 (0.0084)0.996 (0.0006)
DRR0.854 (0.0067)0.998 (0.0009)0.785 (0.0072)0.993 (0.0011)0.629 (0.0079)0.996 (0.0006)
RRR0.842 (0.0072)0.996 (0.0014)0.751 (0.0075)0.993 (0.0013)0.592 (0.0092)0.995 (0.0008)
IRR0.830 (0.0084)0.992 (0.0020)0.707 (0.0083)0.993 (0.0015)0.486 (0.0098)0.990 (0.0012)
DB150.807 (0.0083)0.965 (0.0037)0.728 (0.0069)0.965 (0.0026)0.577 (0.0095)0.963 (0.0017)
DB300.844 (0.0070)0.994 (0.0015)0.765 (0.0070)0.994 (0.0011)0.610 (0.0098)0.993 (0.0007)
DB600.866 (0.0062)0.996 (0.0012)0.794 (0.0059)0.996 (0.0010)0.652 (0.0094)0.996 (0.0006)