Generations | N^{a} | RD22 (mm) | RD29 (mm) | GR (mm/day) | LA22 (mm^{2}) | LA29 (mm^{2}) | DMC (%) | BY (mg) |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Checks | ||||||||

P1 | 12 | 38.18 (a) | 79.38 (a, b) | 5.89 (b, c) | 507.2 (a, b) | 2405 (a, b) | 7.02 (a, b) | 54.53 (a, b) |

P2 | 12 | 39.34 (a, b) | 81.89 (b, c) | 6.08 (c) | 497.4 (a, b) | 2393 (a, b) | 7.48 (d, e) | 59.54 (c, d, e) |

P1 × P2 | 12 | 46.94 (e) | 99.60 (e) | 7.52 (f) | 701.6 (f) | 3435 (e) | 6.94 (a, b) | 80.70 (g) |

P2 × P1 | 12 | 42.02 (c, d) | 91.81 (d) | 7.11 (e) | 551.8 (c, d) | 2925 (c) | 6.91 (a) | 62.46 (c, d, e) |

SE | 0.81 | 1.77 | 0.19 | 19.0 | 98 | 0.08 | 2.51 | |

MPH (%)^{b} | 14.8 ± 0.6 | 18.7 ± 0.4 | 22.3 ± 1.9 | 24.8 ± 0.2 | 32.5 ± 0.1 | −4.4 ± 1.2 | 25.5 ± 0.7 | |

Entries | ||||||||

NIL1 | 28 | 39.00 (a, b) | 76.23 (a) | 5.32 (a) | 517.4 (a, c) | 2301 (a) | 6.90 (a) | 53.42 (a) |

P1 × NIL1 | 28 | 40.37 (b, c) | 80.37 (b) | 5.72 (b) | 556.3 (d) | 2492 (b) | 7.10 (b) | 59.18 (b, c) |

P2 × NIL1 | 28 | 46.41 (e) | 96.59 (e) | 7.17 (f, e) | 673.9 (f) | 3207 (d) | 6.91 (a) | 72.32 (f) |

F_{1} × NIL1 | 28 | 42.91 (d) | 88.89 (d) | 6.57 (d) | 599.7 (e) | 2849 (c) | 6.90 (a) | 63.94 (d, e) |

NIL2 | 28 | 39.54 (a, b) | 82.24 (b, c) | 6.10 (c) | 490.3 (a) | 2487 (b) | 7.34 (c, d) | 59.34 (b, d) |

P1 × NIL2 | 28 | 51.39 (f) | 103.48 (f) | 7.44 (f, e) | 830.9 (g) | 3792 (f) | 6.94 (a, b) | 91.37 (h) |

P2 × NIL2 | 28 | 41.48 (c, d) | 84.36 (c) | 6.13 (c) | 540.6 (b, c, d) | 2506 (b) | 7.47 (e) | 64.75 (e) |

F_{1} × NIL2 | 28 | 46.22 (e) | 89.89 (d) | 6.24 (c) | 675.5 (f) | 2924 (c) | 7.28 (c) | 75.84 (f, g) |

SE | 0.72 | 1.50 | 0.15 | 17.7 | 84 | 0.06 | 2.17 | |

h^{2} (%)^{c} | 0.83 ± 0.04 | 0.78 ± 0.05 | 0.68 ± 0.07 | 0.83 ± 0.03 | 0.78 ± 0.05 | 0.66 ± 0.07 | 0.75 ± 0.05 | |

CV (%) | 9.4 | 10.0 | 14.1 | 16.1 | 17.4 | 5.9 | 18.5 |

For a description of growth-related traits see materials and methods. Means followed by the same letter are not significantly different at

*P*< 0.05 based on pairwise comparisons (*t*-test) using the insert-and-absorb algorithm with sweeping.↵

*a*The number of entries.↵

*b*MPH (%) = 100 × , where and .↵

*c**h*^{2}(%) refers to the heritability on an NIL-entry-mean basis by using pooled estimates of variance components across the NILs and their triple testcross progenies.