TABLE 3

Response to directional mass selection in AmAm) and AvAv) for different values rA and selected proportions comparing predictions [as prediction errors (predicted minus observed)] with observed responses obtained from Monte Carlo simulation (MC)

Embedded Image:Embedded Image:
Selected proportion (%)Selected proportion (%)
Embedded ImageMethod20512051
−0.5MCa0.4100.5470.630−0.059−0.0370.004
MR3b0.0040.0250.0490.0010.0020.016
MR2b0.0060.0610.1500.000−0.020−0.045
HZb−0.026−0.032−0.0200.003−0.004−0.013
0MCa0.4220.5970.7400.0310.0820.137
MR3b0.0020.002−0.011−0.004−0.0030.007
MR2b−0.0020.0210.059−0.004−0.0030.007
HZb−0.0020.0210.059−0.0020.0030.018
0.5MCa0.4340.6380.8200.1100.1830.254
MR3b−0.002−0.021−0.060−0.002−0.008−0.020
MR2b−0.011−0.010−0.004−0.008−0.0010.013
HZb0.0220.0850.1690.0050.0280.064
  • a Observed responses obtained from MC simulation: Embedded Image; Embedded Image; Embedded Image; Embedded Image.

  • b Predictions: MR3, multiple regressions on P, P2, and P3 (see Equation 5); MR2, multiple regressions on P and P2 (see Equations 6 and 7); HZ, prediction based on Hill and Zhang (2004).