TABLE 3

Time estimation of chromosomal rearrangements, geographic divergence, and speciation

EventsYearsRelative time
Chromosomal rearrangements
    One reciprocal translocation in N431000–80030.002
    One nonreciprocal translocation in CBS5829838–67000.002
    One chromosomal amplification in Q4.11210–96780.003
    Four reciprocal translocations in S. cariocanus5164–41,3190.012
Geographic subpopulations of S. paradoxus
    North/South American5878–47,0270.014
    Far Eastern/European27,355–218,8470.063
    Far Eastern–European/American124,268–994,1470.286
Speciation
    S. cerevisiaeS. paradoxus434,084–3,472,6771