TABLE 1

Strains studied and their source

IDStrainLocationSourceDate
B1Lalvin 71BFranceVineyard (commercial)NA
B2Levuline ALSNAVineyard (commercial)NA
B3Zymaflore F15FranceVineyard (commercial)NA
B4Lalvin CY-3079NAVineyard (commercial)NA
B5Lalvin BM45NAVineyard (commercial)NA
B6Zymalfore VL3FranceVineyard (commercial)NA
CDBCôte des BlancsGermanyVineyard (commercial)NA
I14ItalyVineyard (soil)2002
K1Kyokai no. 1JapanSake1906
K5Kyokai no. 5JapanSake1925
K9Kyokai no. 9JapanSake1950s
K10Kyokai no. 10JapanSake1952
K11AwamoriJapanSake (Shochu)1981
K12AKU-4011JapanSakeNA
K13NRIC 23JapanSakeNA
K14NRIC 1413JapanSakeNA
K15NRIC 1685JapanSakeNA
M1ItalyVineyard1993
M2ItalyVineyard1993
M3ItalyVineyard1993
M4ItalyVineyard1993
M5ItalyVineyard1993
M6ItalyVineyard1993
M7ItalyVineyard1993
M8ItalyVineyard1993
M9ItalyVineyard1993
M11ItalyVineyard1993
M12ItalyVineyard1993
M13ItalyVineyard1993
M15ItalyVineyard1993
M17ItalyVineyardNA
M19ItalyVineyardNA
M20ItalyVineyardNA
M21ItalyVineyardNA
M22ItalyVineyardNA
M24ItalyVineyardNA
M29ItalyVineyard1994
M30ItalyVineyard1994
M31ItalyVineyard1994
M32ItalyVineyardNA
M33ItalyVineyardNA
M34ItalyVineyardNA
PRPasteur redFranceVineyard (commercial)NA
S288CCaliforniaNature (fig)1937
SBS. boulardiiIndonesiaNature (lychee fruit)NA
UC1UCD 51FranceVineyard1948
UC2UCD 175Sicily, ItalyVineyard1953
UC4UCD 529GermanyVineyardPre-1958
UC5UCD 612Kurashi, JapanSakePre-1974
UC6UCD 765AustraliaVineyardNA
UC7UCD 781SwitzerlandVineyardNA
UC8UCD 820South AfricaVineyardPre-1988
UC9UCD 762ItalyVineyardPre-1984
UC10UCD 2120CaliforniaVineyard1998
Y1NRRL y390Nature (mushroom)Pre-1940
Y3NRRL y1438AfricaFermentation (palm wine)Pre-1946
Y4NRRL y1532IndonesiaNature (fruit)Pre-1947
Y5NRRL y1546West AfricaFermentation (bili wine)Pre-1947
Y6NRRL yb1952French GuianaNAPre-1950
Y8NRRL y2411TurkeyVineyardPre-1957
Y9NRRL y5997IndonesiaFermentation (ragi)Pre-1962
Y10NRRL y7567PhilippinesFermentation (coconut)Pre-1973
Y12NRRL y12633Ivory CoastFermentation (palm wine)Pre-1981
YJM145Segregant YJM128MissouriClinicalPre-1989
YJM269Fermentation (apple juice)1953
YJM270EuropeVineyardPre-1957
YJM280Segregant YJM273United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM308United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM320Segregant YJM309United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM326Segregant YJM310United StatesClinical
YJM339Segregant YJM311United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM421Segregant YJM419United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM434EuropeClinical
YJM436EuropeClinicalPre-1994
YJM440United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM454United StatesClinicalPre-1994
YJM627Segregant Y55FranceNA
YJM1129NRRL y-567Fermentation (distillery)Pre-1912
YPS1000New JerseyNature (oak exudate)2000
YPS1009New JerseyNature (oak exudate)2000
YPS163PennsylvaniaNature (oak exudate)1999
  • ID, identification number; NA, not available.