Dependent | d.f. | SS | MS | F-value | P | Levene |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

A. ANOVA summary for the principal components for shape variation across the whole wing | ||||||

PC1 | 1,5950 | 0.222 | 0.222 | 1063.232 | 1E-214 | 2.11E-16 |

PC2 | 1,5950 | 0.082 | 0.082 | 431.859 | 1.17E-92 | 4.41E-22 |

PC3 | 1,5950 | 0.101 | 0.101 | 796.289 | 1.6E-164 | 0.01 |

PC4 | 1,5950 | 0.086 | 0.086 | 1105.086 | 2E-222 | 5.15E-13 |

PC5 | 1,5950 | 0.012 | 0.012 | 215.687 | 5.42E-48 | 4.01E-09 |

PC6 | 1,5950 | 0.017 | 0.017 | 334.545 | 9.41E-73 | 4.03E-05 |

PC7 | 1,5950 | 0.002 | 0.002 | 57.129 | 4.7E-14 | 6.23E-31 |

PC8 | 1,5950 | 0.001 | 0.001 | 36.162 | 1.92E-09 | 0.07 |

B. ANOVA summary for the principal components for shape variation in the central region of the wing | ||||||

PC1 | 1,5950 | 1.11E-04 | 1.11E-04 | 0.59 | 0.444 | 2.93E-11 |

PC2 | 1,5950 | 0.012 | 0.012 | 218.63 | 1.3E-48 | 1.7E-07 |

PC3 | 1,5950 | 0.006 | 0.006 | 205.56 | 7.37E-46 | 5.5E-05 |

PC4 | 1,5950 | 1.34E-04 | 1.34E-04 | 9.27 | 0.002 | 2.62E-13 |

PC5 | 1,5950 | 0.002 | 0.002 | 152.77 | 1.14E-34 | 1.79E-08 |

PC6 | 1,5950 | 0.001 | 0.001 | 120.44 | 9.34E-28 | 4.9E-24 |

Note that the first principal component for the central region is not significantly different between groups. Levene, the

*P*-value for Levene's test between groups for within-group variation. SS, sum of squares; MS, mean square.