Average nucleotide diversity in chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans and effective population sizes estimated from π

nsπ (%)θ (%)Ne (π)aReferences
50 segments (noncoding)
    P. troglodytes341860.1320.19420,9001
    P. paniscus13600.0780.08212,4001
    H. sapiens601180.0880.12310,5001
HoxB6 (intergenic)
    P. troglodytes8280.1760.15845,9002
    P. paniscus3660.1750.14245,6002
    H. sapiens21040.0600.06611,7002
Xq13.3 (noncoding)
    P. troglodytes30850.1310.21139,0003
    P. paniscus5130.0220.0247,0003
    H. sapiens69330.0330.0687,0004
mtDNA ND2 (synonymous)
    P.t.s.650.7180.8377,0005, 6
    P.t.t.17131.2001.48912,0005, 6
    P.t.v.22252.4002.69723,0005, 6
    P. troglodytes45524.3204.61341,0005, 6
    P. paniscus5132.8792.36528,0005, 7
    H. sapiens73330.6092.5654,0006, 8
mtDNA control region (partial 342 bp)
    P. troglodytes411087.757.389
    P. paniscus17533.874.589
    H. sapiens (340 bp)54792.635.108
  • References: 1, present study; 2, Deinard and Kidd (1999); 3, Kaessmann et al. (1999); 4, Kaessmann et al. (2001); 5, Stone et al. (2002); 6, Wise et al. (1997); 7, Horai et al. (1992); 8, Ingman et al. (2000); 9, Deinard and Kidd (2000). Abbreviations of chimpanzee subspecies follow those of Table 1. s, segregating site.

  • a Generation lengths are assumed to be 15 and 20 years for apes and humans, respectively.