TABLE 2

Average nucleotide diversity in chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans and effective population sizes estimated from π

nsπ (%)θ (%)Ne (π)aReferences
50 segments (noncoding)
    P.t.s.4460.0920.11014,6001
    P.t.t.101010.1300.15220,1001
    P.t.v.12540.0820.07613,0001
    P. troglodytes341860.1320.19420,9001
    P. paniscus13600.0780.08212,4001
    H. sapiens601180.0880.12310,5001
HoxB6 (intergenic)
    P.t.s.60002
    P.t.t.1850.1190.14331,0002
    P.t.v.5850.1050.10627,4002
    P. troglodytes8280.1760.15845,9002
    P. paniscus3660.1750.14245,6002
    H. sapiens21040.0600.06611,7002
Xq13.3 (noncoding)
    P.t.t.12640.1750.20952,0003
    P.t.v.17240.0500.0715,0003
    P. troglodytes30850.1310.21139,0003
    P. paniscus5130.0220.0247,0003
    H. sapiens69330.0330.0687,0004
mtDNA ND2 (synonymous)
    P.t.s.650.7180.8377,0005, 6
    P.t.t.17131.2001.48912,0005, 6
    P.t.v.22252.4002.69723,0005, 6
    P. troglodytes45524.3204.61341,0005, 6
    P. paniscus5132.8792.36528,0005, 7
    H. sapiens73330.6092.5654,0006, 8
mtDNA control region (partial 342 bp)
    P.t.s.3132.562.539
    P.t.t.9455.594.849
    P.t.v.29745.35.519
    P. troglodytes411087.757.389
    P. paniscus17533.874.589
    H. sapiens (340 bp)54792.635.108
  • References: 1, present study; 2, Deinard and Kidd (1999); 3, Kaessmann et al. (1999); 4, Kaessmann et al. (2001); 5, Stone et al. (2002); 6, Wise et al. (1997); 7, Horai et al. (1992); 8, Ingman et al. (2000); 9, Deinard and Kidd (2000). Abbreviations of chimpanzee subspecies follow those of Table 1. s, segregating site.

  • a Generation lengths are assumed to be 15 and 20 years for apes and humans, respectively.