TABLE 3

Type of amino acid differences in mtDNA-encoded subunits between B. taurus and B. indicus

ComplexAmino acid
position
Amino acid
substitution
IMTND3
82A → T
IMTND6No
IIIMTCYB
356V → I
372I → V
IVMTFCO2
57D → Na
IVMTCO3
171V → I
238G → A
VMTATP6
7T → A
69T → A
154M → V
  • The amino acid substitutions (single-letter code) occurred in the complexes I-IV of the electron transport system or in the ATP synthase complex (complex V). Numbers indicate the amino acid position inside each subunit.

  • a Substitution found only in the cloned animal E12 (B. taurus haplotype).