TABLE 6

Survey of realized heritability estimates from artificial selection on components of body size in outbred populations of Drosophila

Realized heritability
Trait (reference)Replicate linesHigh lineLow lineEmbedded Image
Body size index (1)20.140.20-0.06
Body weight (2)40.180.23-0.05
Body weight (2)40.170.140.03
Thorax length (3)10.390.270.12
Thorax length (3)10.320.260.06
Thorax length (3)10.250.34-0.09
Thorax length (4)10.280.44-0.16
Thorax length (5)20.250.250.00
Thorax length (6)20.140.120.02
Thorax length (6)20.110.19-0.08
Thorax length (6)20.130.14-0.01
Wing area (7)10.580.59-0.02
Wing area (8)30.420.47-0.05
Wing length (9)10.030.12-0.09
Wing length (9)10.180.22-0.04
Wing length (10)20.360.41-0.04
Wing length (10)a20.270.33-0.05
Wing length (11)20.180.54-0.36
Wing length (11)20.290.40-0.11
Wing length (11)20.220.170.05
Wing length (11)20.260.250.01
Wing length (11)20.120.48-0.35
Mean (SE)0.24 (0.026)0.30 (0.030)-0.06 (0.024)
  • Estimates are based on independent selection experiments in D. melanogaster and D. simulans.

  • a References: (1) Baptist and Robertson (1976); (2) Hillesheim and Stearns (1991); (3) Robertson (1955); (4) Masry and Robertson (1978); (5) Scheiner and Lyman (1991); (6) Reeve and Fairbairn (1996); (7) Partridge et al. (1999); B. Zwaan and L. Partridge, unpublished results; (8) McCabe et al. (1997); (9) Robertson and Reeve (1952); (10) Tantawy et al. (1964); (11) Aguade et al. (1981).