TABLE 6

The MLEs of QTL parameters and mean square errors (MSE) of the estimates among 100 replicated simulations at different heritability levels (H2) and sampling designs under the two-stage hierarchical design

H2 = 0.2 Embedded Image H2 = 0.6 Embedded Image
10 × 4020 × 2040 × 1010 × 4020 × 2040 × 10400 × 1
True
parameter
MLEMSEMLEMSEMLEMSEMLEMSEMLEMSEMLEMSEMLEMSE
τ1 = 3030.3313.6730.0020.0033.0035.6729.565.4429.746.8930.605.4029.604.60
τ2 = 7068.3330.3368.0034.0065.4453.4470.569.4471.4222.0571.0020.6068.4013.80
μ = 10.09.920.229.900.409.820.249.980.0510.000.0410.000.049.950.03
a1 = 1.00.900.150.640.230.780.340.920.060.960.040.970.020.930.05
a2 = 0.50.160.500.330.270.270.580.290.150.460.070.460.030.440.10
Embedded Image 0.680.690.650.680.811.030.720.300.850.180.750.130.740.11
Embedded Image 0.650.790.721.671.221.780.490.090.490.260.640.300.650.28
Embedded Image 0.321.590.411.120.571.030.390.200.580.230.390.230.550.07
Embedded Image 0.550.861.130.850.490.460.480.100.740.210.520.100.590.23
iaa = 0.60.480.100.330.160.530.180.510.020.560.020.580.010.560.03
jad = -0.4-0.370.350.130.40-0.200.46-0.360.07-0.330.09-0.420.04-0.310.05
kda = -0.20.080.59-0.150.400.130.940.030.18-0.130.10-0.110.08-0.130.15
ldd = 0.20.073.71-0.549.19-0.336.630.410.74-0.381.680.180.92-0.030.84
Embedded Image 2.500.312.730.232.810.120.470.000.470.000.470.000.460.00
Percentagea6040459095100100
  • a The percentage of the simulations in which a significant QTL at the significance level α = 0.05 is detected.