TABLE 1

Additive genetic variance-covariance matrices (G) for the outbred control and average of the inbred populations

TraitWing areaAngle 5-7-4Angle 8-7-6Angle 2-9-3Angle 2-1-5Angle 2-3-5
A. Wing area12.10 (0.57)a
7.12 [3.71]b
B. Angle 5-7-43.51 (0.33)9.07 (0.36)
2.09 [1.83]6.25 [2.60]
C. Angle 8-7-61.50 (0.53)–3.85 (0.45)21.84 (1.03)
0.77 [3.55]–3.60 [2.86]15.37 [6.63]
D. Angle 2-9-31.03 (0.10)0.95 (0.08)–0.46 (0.14)0.90 (0.04)
0.63 [0.62]0.62 [0.53]–0.26 [0.75]0.63 [0.24]
E. Angle 2-1-51.79 (0.15)2.44 (0.14)–1.31 (0.19)0.80 (0.04)1.96 (0.07)
1.14 [1.13]1.51 [0.98]–0.91 [1.50]0.54 [0.28]1.32 [0.55]
F. Angle 2-3-51.61 (0.26)–1.48 (0.21)2.71 (3.24)0.09 (0.06)0.02 (0.09)5.79 (0.21)
0.60 [1.62]–1.10 [1.61]2.07 [1.85]0.11 [0.44]0.05 [0.60]3.78 [1.36]

For the elements in the matrix, the estimate for the outbred control population is given on the top line and the estimate for the average value over all inbred lines is given on the bottom line. All variances, covariance, and standard errors were ×104 for ease of viewing. Variance units are mm4 for area and radians2 for the angles.

  • a Values in parentheses give the standard error of the estimate for the control population.

  • b Average estimates from the 52 inbred lines. Values in brackets give the standard deviation of the (co) variance across lines, not the standard error of the estimate.