TABLE 1

Estimates of the initial mean (z̄0), rate of change of the mean (Rm), rate of input of mutational variance (Vm), environmental component of variance (Ve), and mutational heritability (Embedded Image)

Charactera0RmVmVeEmbedded Image
er 3.94 (0.23)–0.0071 (0.0073)0.00263 (0.00079)0.46862 (0.02739)0.0056 (0.0017)
r 1.35 (0.06)–0.0023 (0.0019)0.00032 (0.00006)0.06758 (0.00860)0.0047 (0.0011)
ϕ 1.16 (0.06)–0.0026 (0.0020)0.00021 (0.00006)0.04841 (0.00489)0.0043 (0.0013)
1/T0.30 (0.01)–0.0654 (0.0428)0.07918 (0.02585)23.70000 (3.07630)0.0033 (0.0012)
Productivity170.75 (13.26)0.4775 (0.4283)9.74160 (2.97231)4606.25000 (246.72089)0.0021 (0.0007)
Survival99.13 (0.59)–0.0815 (0.0192)0.54989 (0.18133)206.95000 (48.49454)0.0025 (0.0010)
Longevity21.02 (0.65)–0.0652 (0.0211)0.03296 (0.00797)31.48000 (2.84817)0.0010 (0.0003)
  • a The traits r, ϕ, and 1/T have time units of days–1, while productivity is measured in units of numbers of viable offspring, survivorship (to maturity) in percentage units, and longevity in units of days. Standard errors are given in parentheses. For 1/T,0 and Rm are multiplied by 100, and Vm and Ve are multiplied by 10,000.