TABLE 2

Comparison of BM and ML procedures with Embedded Image

Simulated valuesEstimation
procedure
Estimated values
ModelUE(a)β*Embedded Image SDEmbedded Image SDEmbedded Image SD
Equal effects (β → ∞)0.53.16BM→ ∞0.50(0.10)3.21(0.44)
ML→ ∞0.51(0.064)3.15(0.19)0
20.79(0.14)2.13(0.25)-6.13.2
11.08(0.19)1.60(0.20)-8.23.8
0.51.62(0.29)1.08(0.14)-10.24.3
0.252.71(0.49)0.65(0.090)-11.74.7
β = 0.50.51.83BM→ ∞0.18(0.056)5.46(1.41)
ML→ ∞0.20(0.058)4.08(0.81)-11.35.8
20.24(0.049)3.64(0.79)-0.91.4
10.33(0.067)2.75(0.63)-0.20.6
0.50.51(0.10)1.86(0.46)0
0.250.85(0.18)1.14(0.29)-0.00.4
Equal effects (β → ∞)2.51.41BM→ ∞2.51(0.36)1.42(0.18)
ML→ ∞2.52(0.36)1.42(0.18)0
23.75(0.41)0.96(0.092)-0.71.1
14.98(0.54)0.72(0.070)-1.41.7
0.57.46(0.82)0.49(0.047)-2.12.1
0.2512.4(1.37)0.29(0.029)-2.82.5
β = 0.52.50.82BM→ ∞0.85(0.16)2.44(0.39)
ML→ ∞0.92(0.16)2.22(0.30)-4.53.8
21.25(0.24)1.64(0.27)-0.81.4
11.66(0.32)1.25(0.21)-0.20.6
0.52.49(0.47)0.84(0.15)0
0.254.13(0.79)0.51(0.091)-0.10.4