TABLE 1

Nested analysis of variance layout for estimation of the variance components of population structure in autotetraploid organisms, and corresponding gene frequency-based equations.

Sourced.f.Sum of squaresExpected mean squarea
Between populationsr – 1 Embedded Image Embedded Image
Individuals in populations Embedded Image Embedded Image Embedded Image
Genes in individuals Embedded Image. Embedded Image Embedded Image

This table directly follows a two-way nested ANOVA (see Sokal and Rohlf 1995). Corresponding data design: r populations (1 ≤ ir) of sample size ni (1 ≤ jni), and b genes registered for each individual (1 ≤ k ≤ 4).