TABLE 1

Phenotypic values for flowering traits of the parental lines, reciprocal F1 hybrids, and the RIL population grown in three different environments (10 plants were used per RIL; 20 plants for the rest of lines)

Long dayLong day + vernalizationShort day
Flowering time (days)
Ler25.0 ± 1.021.6 ± 1.049.4 ± 2.9
Cvi28.0 ± 1.821.6 ± 0.945.4 ± 6.6
F1 Ler × Cvi25.1 ± 0.921.1 ± 0.9
F1 Cvi × Ler22.2 ± 1.919.8 ± 0.7
RIL mean24.8 ± 5.121.4 ± 2.938.4 ± 14.7
Min.–max. RIL mean18.1–44.816.3–32.021.1–78.0
RIL LSD1.71.74.4
Total leaf number
Ler10.4 ± 1.09.1 ± 1.032.5 ± 2.4
Cvi11.6 ± 1.38.1 ± 1.027.0 ± 8.9
F1 Ler × Cvi10.9 ± 0.88.7 ± 0.6
F1 Cvi × Ler10.2 ± 1.79.5 ± 0.8
RIL mean10.5 ± 5.28.6 ± 2.320.8 ± 14.0
Min.–max. RIL mean5.7–32.15.4 ± 18.15.4–55.6
RIL LSD1.90.64.1
  • Values are means ± SD. RIL mean, minimum and maximum, and least significant differences at P ≤ 0.01 (LSD) for mean RIL comparisons are also shown.