TY - JOUR
T1 - THE EVOLUTION OF ONE- AND TWO-LOCUS SYSTEMS
JF - Genetics
JO - Genetics
SP - 583
LP - 600
VL - 83
IS - 3
AU - Nagylaki, Thomas
Y1 - 1976/07/30
UR - http://www.genetics.org/content/83/3/583.abstract
N2 - Assuming age-independent fertilities and mortalities and random mating, continuous-time models for a monoecious population are investigated for weak selection. A single locus with multiple alleles and two alleles at each of two loci are considered. A slow-selection analysis of diallelic and multiallelic two-locus models with discrete nonoverlapping generations is also presented. The selective differences may be functions of genotypic frequencies, but their rate of change due to their explicit dependence on time (if any) must be at most of the second order in s, (i.e., O(s2)), where s is the intensity of natural selection. Then, after several generations have elapsed, in the continuous time models the time-derivative of the deviations from Hardy-Weinberg proportions is of O(s2), and in the two-locus models the rate of change of the linkage disequilibrium is of O(s2). It follows that, if the rate of change of the genotypic fitnesses is smaller than second order in s (i.e., o(s2)), then to O(s2) the rate of change of the mean fitness of the population is equal to the genic variance. For a fixed value of s, however, no matter how small, the genic variance may occasionally be smaller in absolute value than the (possibly negative) lower order terms in the change in fitness, and hence the mean fitness may decrease. This happens if the allelic frequencies are changing extremely slowly, and hence occurs often very close to equilibrium. Some new expressions are derived for the change in mean fitness. It is shown that, with an error of O(s), the genotypic frequencies evolve as if the population were in Hardy-Weinberg proportions and linkage equilibrium. Thus, at least for the deterministic behavior of one and two loci, deviations from random combination appear to have very little evolutionary significance.
ER -