RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Nonlinear Tests for Genomewide Association Studies
JF Genetics
JO Genetics
FD Genetics Society of America
SP 1529
OP 1538
DO 10.1534/genetics.106.060491
VO 174
IS 3
A1 Zhao, Jinying
A1 Jin, Li
A1 Xiong, Momiao
YR 2006
UL http://www.genetics.org/content/174/3/1529.abstract
AB As millions of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified and high-throughput genotyping technologies have been rapidly developed, large-scale genomewide association studies are soon within reach. However, since a genomewide association study involves a large number of SNPs it is therefore nearly impossible to ensure a genomewide significance level of 0.05 using the available statistics, although the multiple-test problems can be alleviated, but not sufficiently, by the use of tagging SNPs. One strategy to circumvent the multiple-test problem associated with genome-wide association tests is to develop novel test statistics with high power. In this report, we introduce several nonlinear tests, which are based on nonlinear transformation of allele or haplotype frequencies. We investigate the power of the nonlinear test statistics and demonstrate that under certain conditions, some nonlinear test statistics have much higher power than the standard \batchmode \documentclass[fleqn,10pt,legalpaper]{article} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amsmath} \pagestyle{empty} \begin{document} \(\mathrm{{\chi}}^{2}\) \end{document}-test statistic. Type I error rates of the nonlinear tests are validated using simulation studies. We also show that a class of similarity measure-based test statistics is based on the quadratic function of allele or haplotype frequencies, and thus they belong to nonlinear tests. To evaluate their performance, the nonlinear test statistics are also applied to three real data sets. Our study shows that nonlinear test statistics have great potential in association studies of complex diseases.