PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Williamson, Scott
AU - Fledel-Alon, Adi
AU - Bustamante, Carlos D.
TI - Population Genetics of Polymorphism and Divergence for Diploid Selection Models With Arbitrary Dominance
AID - 10.1534/genetics.103.024745
DP - 2004 Sep 01
TA - Genetics
PG - 463--475
VI - 168
IP - 1
4099 - http://www.genetics.org/content/168/1/463.short
4100 - http://www.genetics.org/content/168/1/463.full
SO - Genetics2004 Sep 01; 168
AB - We develop a Poisson random-field model of polymorphism and divergence that allows arbitrary dominance relations in a diploid context. This model provides a maximum-likelihood framework for estimating both selection and dominance parameters of new mutations using information on the frequency spectrum of sequence polymorphisms. This is the first DNA sequence-based estimator of the dominance parameter. Our model also leads to a likelihood-ratio test for distinguishing nongenic from genic selection; simulations indicate that this test is quite powerful when a large number of segregating sites are available. We also use simulations to explore the bias in selection parameter estimates caused by unacknowledged dominance relations. When inference is based on the frequency spectrum of polymorphisms, genic selection estimates of the selection parameter can be very strongly biased even for minor deviations from the genic selection model. Surprisingly, however, when inference is based on polymorphism and divergence (McDonald-Kreitman) data, genic selection estimates of the selection parameter are nearly unbiased, even for completely dominant or recessive mutations. Further, we find that weak overdominant selection can increase, rather than decrease, the substitution rate relative to levels of polymorphism. This nonintuitive result has major implications for the interpretation of several popular tests of neutrality.