PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Anderson, Richard J. E.
AU - Spencer, Hamish G.
TI - Population Models of Genomic Imprinting. I. Differential Viability in the Sexes and the Analogy With Genetic Dominance
DP - 1999 Dec 01
TA - Genetics
PG - 1949--1958
VI - 153
IP - 4
4099 - http://www.genetics.org/content/153/4/1949.short
4100 - http://www.genetics.org/content/153/4/1949.full
SO - Genetics1999 Dec 01; 153
AB - Many single-locus, two-allele selection models of genomic imprinting have been shown to reduce formally to one-locus Mendelian models with a modified parameter for genetic dominance. One exception is the model where selection at the imprinted locus affects the sexes differently. We present two models of maternal inactivation with differential viability in the sexes, one with complete inactivation, and the other with a partial penetrance for inactivation. We show that, provided dominance relations at the imprintable locus are the same in both sexes, a globally stable polymorphism exists for a range of viabilities that is independent of the penetrance of imprinting. The conditions for a polymorphism are the same as in previous models with differential viability in the sexes but without imprinting and in a model of the paternal X-inactivation system in marsupials. The model with incomplete inactivation is used to illustrate the analogy between imprinting and dominance by comparing equilibrium bifurcation plots for fixed values of dominance and penetrance. We also derive a single expression for the dominance parameter that leaves the frequency and stability of equilibria unchanged for all levels of inactivation. Although an imprinting model with sex differences does not formally reduce to a nonimprinting scheme, close theoretical parallels clearly exist.