TY - JOUR
T1 - Variance of neutral genetic variances within and between populations for a quantitative character.
JF - Genetics
JO - Genetics
SP - 535
LP - 553
VL - 129
IS - 2
AU - Zeng, Z B
AU - Cockerham, C C
Y1 - 1991/10/01
UR - http://www.genetics.org/content/129/2/535.abstract
N2 - The variances of genetic variances within and between finite populations were systematically studied using a general multiple allele model with mutation in terms of identity by descent measures. We partitioned the genetic variances into components corresponding to genetic variances and covariances within and between loci. We also analyzed the sampling variance. Both transient and equilibrium results were derived exactly and the results can be used in diverse applications. For the genetic variance within populations, sigma 2 omega, the coefficient of variation can be very well approximated as [formula: see text] for a normal distribution of allelic effects, ignoring recurrent mutation in the absence of linkage, where m is the number of loci, N is the effective population size, theta 1(0) is the initial identity by descent measure of two genes within populations and t is the generation number. The first term is due to genic variance, the second due to linkage disequilibrium, and third due to sampling. In the short term, the variation is predominantly due to linkage disequilibrium and sampling; but in the long term it can be largely due to genic variance. At equilibrium with mutation [formula: see text] where u is the mutation rate. The genetic variance between populations is a parameter. Variance arises only among sample estimates due to finite sampling of populations and individuals. The coefficient of variation for sample gentic variance between populations, sigma 2b, can be generally approximated as [formula: see text] when the number of loci is large where S is the number of sampling populations.
ER -