Table 1 Probability of success for experiments like those in Dias and Ressler (2014)
ExperimentTypeSample sizesReported inferenceProbability of success
Figure 1aBehavior16, 13μ1 ≠ μ20.512
Figure 1bBehavior7, 9μ1 = μ20.908
Figure 1cBehavior11, 13, 19ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ2 ≠ μ3, μ1 ≥ μ30.662
Figure 1dBehavior10, 11, 8ANOVA, μ1 = μ2, μ2 ≠ μ30.712
Figure 2aBehavior16, 16μ1 ≠ μ20.663
Figure 2bBehavior16, 16μ1 ≠ μ20.928
Figure 3gNeuroanatomy38, 38, 18ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ2 ≠ μ30.782
Figure 3hNeuroanatomy31, 40, 16ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ2 ≠ μ3≈1.00
Figure 3iNeuroanatomy6, 6, 4ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ2 ≠ μ30.998
Figure 4aBehavior8, 12μ1 ≠ μ20.675
Figure 4bBehavior8, 11μ1 ≠ μ20.545
Figure 4gNeuroanatomy7, 8μ1 ≠ μ20.999
Figure 4hNeuroanatomy6, 10μ1 ≠ μ20.974
Figure 4iNeuroanatomy23, 16μ1 ≠ μ20.973
Figure 4jNeuroanatomy16, 19μ1 ≠ μ2≈1.00
Figure 5aBehavior13, 16μ1 ≠ μ20.600
Figure 5bBehavior4, 7, 6, 5ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ3 ≠ μ40.775
Figure 5gNeuroanatomy6, 4, 5, 3ANOVA, μ1 ≠ μ2, μ3 ≠ μ4, μ1 = μ30.892
Figure 5hNeuroanatomy4, 3, 8, 4ANOVA, μ3 ≠ μ4, μ1 = μ30.824
Figure 6aNeuroanatomy12, 10μ1 ≠ μ20.574
Figure 6cNeuroanatomy12, 10μ1 = μ20.901
Figure 6eNeuroanatomy8, 8μ1 ≠ μ20.681
  • The reported inferences were those used by Dias and Ressler (2014) to support their theoretical claims. The probability of success for such inferences is estimated by post hoc power calculations or simulated experiments. Experiments are labeled according to the data figures in Dias and Ressler 2014.