Table 3  Quantitative genetic partitioning of variation, and significance of effects for carbon isotope, elemental composition, phenological, and leaf traits across three treatments
Random effectsFixed effect Treatment
TraitChamber (treatment)GenotypeGenotype × treatmentResidualdfFSignificant genotype × treatment contrasts
Δ13C0.053 (0.028)**0.385 (0.057)*****0.0574 (0.0282)**0.843 (0.0375)*****F2, 9.6719.07****WL/CS**, WL/CL*
Narea0.001 (0.0010)**0.038 (0.008)*****0.018 (0.007)***0.204 (0.009)*****F2, 12.3175.56*****WL/CS***, WL/CL***
Days to flowering20.835 (7.790)****33.542 (4.950)*****10.726 (2.059)*****62.1366 (2.097)*****F2, 15.784.96*****CL/CS****, WL/CS*****, WL/CL****
LMA1.191 (0.667)**8.363 (1.982)*****5.640 (1.903)****80.071 (2.686)*****F2, 19.254.41*****WL/CS*****, WL/CL****
  • Standard error is indicated in parenthesis. Δ13C, carbon isotope discrimination; Narea, nitrogen concentration on a leaf area basis; LMA, leaf mass per area. *P < 0.1; **P < 0.05; ***P < 0.01; ****P < 0.001; *****P < 0.0001.