TABLE 1

Distribution of accessions, according to region of origin and classification into RFLP clusters (Deu et al. 2006)

Clusterb
Regiona21635108794Unclustered accessions
Extreme West Africa (A)1017113
Northcentral Africa (B)35112116
Northeast Africa (C)8427
Southeast Africa (D)1254
Southern Africa (E)1612274
South Asia (SA)1072
East Asia (EA)1103
Others116
  • a Countries included in the regions. Extreme West Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone; northcentral Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria; northeast Africa: Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen; southeast Africa: Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda; southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe; south Asia: India, Nepal, Sri Lanka; East Asia: China, Korea; others: Algeria, Turkey, USA.

  • b Nomenclature according to Deu et al. (2006): 2, guinea margaritiferum acccessions from western Africa; 1, guinea accessions from western Africa; 6, transplanted caudatum accessions from Lake Chad region; 3, durra accessions from central and eastern Africa and from Asia; 5, caudatum accessions from Africa; 10, caudatum and durra accessions from the African Great Lakes region; 8, guinea accessions from southern Africa; 7, kafir accessions from southern Africa; 9, guinea accessions from Asia; 4, bicolor and caudatum accessions from China.