TABLE 4

Estimates of mutation rate for different sites and different classes of mutation

Mutation typeMutation rate
Transition at CpG1.6 × 10−7
Transversion at CpG4.4 × 10−8
Transition at non-CpG1.2 × 10−8
Transversion at non-CpG5.5 × 10−9
All nucleotide substitutions2.3 × 10−8
Length mutations2.3 × 10−9
All mutations2.5 × 10−8
  • Rates calculated on the basis of a divergence time of 5 mya, ancestral population size of 104, generation length of 20 yr, and rates of molecular evolution given in Table 1.