A brief analysis is presented for the effects of gene flow upon genetic differentiation within and between populations generated by mutation and drift. Previous results obtained with the "island" model are developed into a form that lends itself to biological interpretation. Attention is focused upon the effective local population size and the ratio of the genetic identity of two genes in different populations to that of two genes in the same population. The biological significance of this ratio, which is independent of population size, is discussed. Similarities between the results of this model and those of the "stepping-stone" model are noted.
- Received January 10, 1974.