Repair of DNA damage is essential to the preservation of genomic stability. During repair of double-strand breaks, several helicases function to promote accurate repair and prevent the formation of crossovers through homologous recombination. Among these helicases is the Fanconi anemia group M (FANCM) protein. FANCM is important in the response to various types of DNA damage and has been suggested to prevent mitotic crossovers during double-strand break repair. The helicase activity of FANCM is believed to be important in these functions, but no helicase activity has been detected in vitro. We report here a genetic and biochemical study of Drosophila melanogaster Fancm. We show that purified Fancm is a 3ʹ to 5ʹ ATP-dependent helicase that can disassemble recombination intermediates, but only through limited lengths of duplex DNA. Using transgenic flies expressing full-length or truncated Fancm, each with either a wild-type or mutated helicase domain, we found that there are helicase-independent and C-terminal-independent functions in responding to DNA damage and in preventing mitotic crossovers.
- DNA helicase
- homologous recombination
- synthesis-dependent strand annealing
- ATP activity
- crossing over
- Received June 10, 2016.
- Accepted July 18, 2016.
- Copyright © 2016 by the Genetics Society of America