Analysis of a circular derivative of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome III: a physical map and identification and location of ARS elements.
C S Newlon, L R Lipchitz, I Collins, A Deshpande, R J Devenish, R P Green, H L Klein, T G Palzkill, R B Ren, S Synn


DNA was isolated from a circular derivative of chromosome III to prepare a library of recombinant plasmids enriched in chromosome III sequences. An ordered set of recombinant plasmids and bacteriophages carrying the contiguous 210-kilobase region of chromosome III between the HML and MAT loci was identified, and a complete restriction map was prepared with BamHI and EcoRI. Using the high frequency transformation assay and extensive subcloning, 13 ARS elements were mapped in the cloned region. Comparison of the physical maps of chromosome III from three strains revealed that the chromosomes differ in the number and positions of Ty elements and also show restriction site polymorphisms. A comparison of the physical map with the genetic map shows that meiotic recombination rates vary at least tenfold along the length of the chromosome.