The effect of change in population size on DNA polymorphism.
F Tajima

Abstract

The expected number of segregating sites and the expectation of the average number of nucleotide differences among DNA sequences randomly sampled from a population, which is not in equilibrium, have been developed. The results obtained indicate that, in the case where the population size has changed drastically, the number of segregating sites is influenced by the size of the current population more strongly than is the average number of nucleotide differences, while the average number of nucleotide differences is affected by the size of the original population more severely than is the number of segregating sites. The results also indicate that the average number of nucleotide differences is affected by a population bottleneck more strongly than is the number of segregating sites.