Genetic and physical mapping of the mcrA (rglA) and mcrB (rglB) loci of Escherichia coli K-12.
E A Raleigh, R Trimarchi, H Revel


We have genetically analyzed, cloned and physically mapped the modified cytosine-specific restriction determinants mcrA (rglA) and mcrB (rglB) of Escherichia coli K-12. The independently discovered Rgl and Mcr restriction systems are shown to be identical by three criteria: 1) mutants with the RglA- or RglB- phenotypes display the corresponding McrA- or McrB- phenotypes, and vice versa; 2) the gene(s) for RglA and McrA reside together at one locus, while gene(s) for RglB and McrB are coincident at a different locus; and 3) RglA+ and RglB+ recombinant clones complement for the corresponding Mcr-deficient lesions. The mcrA (rglA) gene(s) is on the excisable element e14, just clockwise of purB at 25 min. The mcrB (rglB) gene(s), at 99 min, is in a cluster of restriction functions that includes hsd and mrr, determinants of host-specific restriction (EcoK) and methyladenine-specific restriction respectively. Gene order is mcrB-hsdS-hsdM-hsdR-mrr-serB. Possible models for the acqusition of these restriction determinants by enteric bacteria are discussed.